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Two asteroids with devastating impact to pass close to Earth in 2029

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Two asteroids are expected to make a pass close to Earth in 2028 and 2029.

The asteroid 1997 XF11 is expected to pass within 30,000 miles of Earth on Oct. 26, 2028, Thursday, and there is a chance it will collide with the planet, according to a report published on March 11, 1998 by the International Astronomical Union, which tracks the orbits of asteroids and comets.

The European Space Agency has been closely monitoring a concerning situation: an enormous asteroid is on its way to strike Earth, though the precise point of impact is unknown.

National governments are planning to evacuate millions of people, a massive undertaking that will result in untold human misery and disruption. Perhaps such chaos can be avoided if the asteroid’s impact zone can be fixed.

Apophis 99942, a near-Earth asteroid estimated to be about 1,100 feet (340 meters) across, quickly gained notoriety as an asteroid that could pose a serious threat to Earth when astronomers predicted that it would come uncomfortably close on April 23, 2029, with another potential impact risk posed by another close approach in 2036 and 2068.

According to Russian scientists, the asteroid Apophis will pass Earth in April 2029, in what could be the planet’s closest encounter with a rock of this size.

Apophis will pass within 39,000km (24,000 miles) of the Earth’s surface, close to the distance at which television satellites operate, according to news agency Sputnik.

The Russian ministry’s researchers said, if the asteroid collided with Earth, it would release 1,717 megatons of energy. That is 30 times the force of the Soviet Tsar Bomba, the largest nuclear bomb ever detonated, which was tested in 1961.

According to Sputnik, such an impact would cause a 6.5-magnitude earthquake with a radius of 10km and wind speeds of at least 790 meters per second. A tornado with a wind speed of about 90 meters per second, on the other hand, would be capable of sweeping away well-built houses.

References:

https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Videos/2019/04/Asteroid_impact_2028_Protecting_our_planet

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/nasa-analysis-earth-is-safe-from-asteroid-apophis-for-100-plus-years

https://amp.scmp.com/news/china/science/article/3162116/asteroid-30-times-force-biggest-nuclear-bomb-miss-earth-2029

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